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21/22 Ikon Pass Goes on Sale March 11

OWN THE STOKE WITH YOUR 21/22 IKON PASS – Access available starting April 12, 2021: Mammoth Mountain, Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows, Winter Park

Lake Tahoe, Ca, March 5, 2021 – Ikon Pass invites skiers and riders across the globe to commit to future adventures when the Ikon Pass goes on sale at its lowest pricing for the 21/22 season on Thursday, March 11, 2021. After debuting in January 2018, the Ikon Pass enters its fourth season with 44 inspiring mountain destinations, each ready to create new stories and enduring memories for the passionate Ikon Pass community.

The Ikon Pass offers access to 44 iconic global mountain destinations across the Americas, Europe, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand and is a collaboration of industry leaders – Alterra Mountain Company, Aspen Skiing Company, Boyne Resorts, POWDR, Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, Alta Ski Area, Snowbird, Arapahoe Basin Ski Area, SkiBig3, Revelstoke Mountain Resort, RED Mountain, Windham Mountain, Taos Ski Valley, Zermatt, Thredbo, Mt Buller, Niseko United, Valle Nevado, and NZ Ski. Each demonstrates integrity, character and independence that is reflected in their mountains and guests.


Renewal Discount

Renewal discounts are offered to 20/21 Ikon Pass holders for winter 21/22 if purchased before Wednesday, May 5, 2021, with savings of up to $100.

2021 Spring Access

  • Access available immediately upon purchase: Big Bear Mountain Resort, Snowshoe
  • Access available starting April 5, 2021: Solitude Mountain Resort, Sugarbush, Tremblant
  • Access available starting April 12, 2021: Mammoth Mountain, Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows, Winter Park
  • No 2021 Spring Access available on 21/22 Ikon Session Pass

Payment Plan

Ikon Pass offers a payment option with Affirm that allows pass holders to buy now and pay over time. Promotions apply through May 4, see for more details. Payment options through Affirm are provided by these lending partners:

Child Pass Promotion

To provide additional value for families looking to ski and ride together, Ikon Pass holders can purchase up to two discounted Child Ikon Passes or Child Ikon Base Passes for children ages 5-12 with the purchase of an Adult Ikon Pass or Adult Ikon Base Pass. The Child Pass Promotion is limited and prices go up on May 5, 2021.

Adventure Assurance

Last spring, Ikon Pass introduced Adventure Assurance, the industry’s first free program that offers options to Ikon Pass holders that help provide flexibility and alleviate some uncertainty throughout the winter season. This year, Adventure Assurance comes free with every 21/22 Ikon Pass product.

Prior to December 9, 2021, should a 21/22 Ikon Pass holder not use their pass after purchase, for any reason, they may elect to defer and receive a full credit of their purchase price to be used toward a 22/23 Ikon Pass. The pass holder must elect to defer their unused pass in My Account by December 9, 2021. 

Or, if passes are used and there is an eligible COVID-19-related closure at any North American Ikon Pass destination from December 18, 2021 – March 6, 2022, Ikon Pass holders will receive a credit toward a 22/23 Ikon Pass based on the percentage of days closed.

“Skiers and riders have proven they are a passionate, dedicated and loyal community throughout this challenging season. We want Ikon Pass to continue to inspire and get them stoked for winter 21/22,” said Erik Forsell, Chief Marketing Officer, Alterra Mountain Company. “Winter is full of stories and connections to be made, and the 44 Ikon Pass destinations offer friends and families the good stuff to look forward to next winter.”


IKON PASS: Offering unlimited, 7-day and 7-day combined access at 43 destinations, with no blackout dates.


Unlimited: Steamboat, Winter Park, Copper Mountain Resort, Eldora Mountain Resort, Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows, Mammoth Mountain, Big Bear Mountain Resort, June Mountain, Stratton, Sugarbush Resort, Snowshoe Mountain, Crystal Mountain, Solitude Mountain Resort, Tremblant, Blue Mountain

7-Days: Deer Valley Resort, Arapahoe Basin Ski Area, Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, Big Sky Resort, Revelstoke Mountain Resort, RED Mountain, Boyne Mountain, Boyne Highlands, Windham Mountain, The Summit at Snoqualmie, Mt. Bachelor, Cypress Mountain, Sunday River, Sugarloaf, Loon Mountain, Taos Ski Valley, Brighton Resort, Thredbo, Mt Buller, Valle Nevado, Zermatt 

7-Days Combined:

  • Aspen Snowmass: Aspen Mountain, Snowmass, Aspen Highlands, Buttermilk
  • Alta Ski Area, Snowbird
  • SkiBig3: Banff Sunshine, Lake Louise, Mt. Norquay
  • Killington – Pico
  • Niseko United
  • Coronet Peak, The Remarkables, Mt Hutt


IKON PASS PRICING                      Renewal         21/22

Adult (23+ years)*                                        $899                    $999

Young Adult (13-22 years)*       $659                    $739

Child Promotion (5-12)                N/A                     $219

Child Pass (5-12)                         N/A          $319

4 & Under                                     N/A                 $149

*Nurse, Military and College Student discounts available with validation at

Child Pass Promotion: Save up to $200 on Child passes with the purchase of an Adult Ikon Pass. Up to two discounted Child Passes (5-12) can be purchased for $219 each with the purchase of an Adult Ikon Pass, by Wednesday, May 5, when prices go up.


  • 10 Friends & Family lift tickets offering 25% off of the window rate at any Ikon Pass destination (excluding CMH and Zermatt), with no blackout dates
  • Adventure Assurance
  • Early winter booking privileges and 10% off summer reservations at CMH Heli-Skiing & Summer Adventures
  • Free one-year $50-value membership to Protect Our Winters that includes POW die cut stickers, 20% off POW store merchandise, a monthly POW newsletter, and a subscription to the biweekly email newsletter, “The Line”
  • Additional destination benefits and discounts are available at

IKON BASE PASS: Offering unlimited, 5-day and 5-day combined access at 41 destinations, with select blackout dates.


Unlimited: Winter Park, Copper Mountain Resort, Eldora Mountain Resort, Big Bear Mountain Resort, Snowshoe Mountain, Tremblant, Blue Mountain

Unlimited with Blackout Dates: Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows, Mammoth Mountain, June Mountain, Solitude Mountain Resort, Stratton, Sugarbush Resort

5-Days with Blackout Dates: Steamboat, Arapahoe Basin Ski Area, Deer Valley Resort, Big Sky Resort, Revelstoke Mountain Resort, RED Mountain, Boyne Mountain, Boyne Highlands, Crystal Mountain**, Windham Mountain, The Summit at Snoqualmie, Mt. Bachelor, Cypress Mountain, Sunday River, Sugarloaf, Loon Mountain, Taos Ski Valley, Brighton Resort, Thredbo  

**Crystal Mountain in Washington now offers 5 days with blackouts on Ikon Base Pass and unlimited access on Ikon Pass only.

5-Days with No Blackouts: Mt Buller, Valle Nevado, Zermatt

5-Days Combined with Blackout Dates

  • Alta Ski Area, Snowbird
  • SkiBig3: Banff Sunshine, Lake Louise, Mt. Norquay
  • Killington – Pico
  • Niseko United
  • Coronet Peak, The Remarkables, Mt Hutt (no blackouts)

Jackson Hole Mountain Resort & Aspen Snowmass Access

For expanded Ikon Base Pass access, five days can be added at Jackson Hole Mountain Resort and five days at Aspen Snowmass, with select blackout dates, for an additional $150. With this purchase, all 21/22 Ikon Base Pass destinations, benefits and blackout dates apply, and 21/22 Ikon Base Pass Friends & Family vouchers are also valid at Jackson Hole Mountain Resort and Aspen Snowmass.


  • North America: December 26, 2021 – Jan 2, 2022; January 15-16, 2022; February 19-20, 2022
  • Thredbo: June 26 – July 11, 2021; July 2 – July 17, 2022
  • No blackouts at Zermatt, Valle Nevado, Mt Buller, Coronet Peak, The Remarkables, and Mt Hut

IKON BASE PASS PRICING                           Renewal              21/22

Adult (23+ years)*                                                      $649                    $729

Young Adult (13-22 years)*                      $499                    $559

Child Promotion (5-12)                                NA                       $179

Child Pass (5-12)                                           NA                       $279

4 & Under                                                       NA                       $99

With Jackson Hole Mountain Resort & Aspen Snowmass Access

Adult (23+ years)*                                                      $799                     $879

Young Adult (13-22 years)*                      $649                    $709

Child Promotion (5-12)                               NA                        $329

Child Pass (5-12)                                          NA                        $429

4 & Under                                                      NA         $249

*Nurse, Military and College Student discounts available with validation at

Child Pass Promotion: Save up to $200 on Child passes with the purchase of an Adult Ikon Base Pass. Up to two discounted Child Passes (5-12) can be purchased for $179 each with the purchase of an Adult Ikon Base Pass, by Wednesday, May 5, when prices go up.


  • Eight Friends & Family lift tickets offering 25% off of the window rate at any Ikon Pass destination (excluding Aspen Snowmass, Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, Zermatt and CMH), with select blackout dates
  • Adventure Assurance
  • Early winter booking privileges and 10% off summer reservations at CMH Heli-Skiing & Summer Adventures
  • Free one-year membership to Protect Our Winters ($50 value) that includes POW die-cut stickers, 20% off POW store merchandise, a monthly POW newsletter, and a subscription to the biweekly email newsletter, “The Line”
  • Additional destination benefits and discounts are available at

IKON SESSION PASS: Offering four days total of access to 37 global Ikon Pass destinations, with select blackout dates. The four days can be used across four destinations or pass holders can use all four days at a favorite mountain.

Seven NEW Destinations: Copper Mountain, Eldora Mountain Resort, Mt. Bachelor, Windham Mountain, Killington-Pico, RED Mountain, and Niseko United have been added to the 21/22 Ikon Session Pass.


Steamboat, Winter Park, Copper Mountain, Arapahoe Basin Ski Area, Eldora Mountain Resort, Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows, Mammoth Mountain, June Mountain, Big Bear Mountain Resort, Big Sky Resort, Stratton, Sugarbush Resort, Killington-Pico, Windham Mountain, Snowshoe, Boyne Highlands, Boyne Mountain, Crystal Mountain, The Summit at Snoqualmie, Mt. Bachelor, Tremblant, Blue Mountain, SkiBig3, Revelstoke Mountain Resort, RED Mountain, Cypress Mountain, Sunday River, Sugarloaf, Loon Mountain, Taos Ski Valley, Solitude Mountain Resort, Brighton Resort, Thredbo, Mt Buller, Coronet Peak, The Remarkables, Mt Hutt, Valle Nevado, Niseko United


  • North America: Dec. 26, 2021 – Jan. 2, 2022; Jan. 15 -16, 2022; Feb. 19 – 20, 2022
  • Thredbo: June 26 – July 11, 2021; July 2 – July 17, 2022
  • No blackouts at Valle Nevado, Mt Buller, Coronet Peak, The Remarkables, and Mt Hutt

IKON SESSION PASS PRICING                                   21/22

Adult (23+ years)*                                      $399

Young Adult (13-22 years)                                        $339

Child Pass (5-12)                                                         $249

4 & Under                                                      $249

*Nurse, Military and College Student discounts available with validation at

Friends & Family lift tickets, payment plan, flexible Southern Hemisphere access and 2021 spring skiing do not apply.

IKON PASS BY THE NUMBERS                                

Destinations: 44                                                             

Continents: 5

States: 14                                                                          

Canadian Provinces: 4                                                   

Total Acres: 92,834

Trails: 5,154

Lifts: 761

Does not include CMH stats

Ikon Pass Destinations by Location

California: Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows, Mammoth Mountain, June Mountain, Big Bear Mountain Resort

Colorado: Aspen Snowmass, Steamboat, Winter Park, Copper Mountain Resort, Arapahoe Basin Ski Area, Eldora Mountain Resort

Maine: Sugarloaf, Sunday River

Michigan: Boyne Highlands, Boyne Mountain

Montana: Big Sky Resort

New Hampshire: Loon Mountain

New Mexico: Taos Ski Valley

New York: Windham Mountain

Oregon: Mt. Bachelor

Utah: Deer Valley Resort, Solitude Mountain Resort, Alta Ski Area, Snowbird, Brighton Resort

Vermont: Stratton, Sugarbush Resort, Killington – Pico

Washington: Crystal Mountain, The Summit at Snoqualmie

West Virginia: Snowshoe

Wyoming: Jackson Hole Mountain Resort

Alberta, Canada: SkiBig3

British Columbia, Canada: Revelstoke Mountain Resort, RED Mountain, Cypress Mountain, CMH Heli-Skiing & Summer Adventures

Ontario, Canada: Blue Mountain

Quebec, Canada: Tremblant

Switzerland: Zermatt

Australia: Thredbo, Mt Buller

New Zealand: Coronet Peak, The Remarkables, Mt Hutt

Japan: Niseko United

Chile: Valle Nevado

For more information please visit

About Ikon Pass

The Ikon Pass welcomes skiers and riders to a community of inspiring mountain destinations and the people who live and play among them across the Americas, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan. Brought to you by Alterra Mountain Company, the Ikon Pass unlocks adventure at iconic and unique destinations including Aspen Snowmass, Steamboat, Winter Park, Copper Mountain Resort, Arapahoe Basin Ski Area, and Eldora Mountain Resort in Colorado; Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows, Mammoth Mountain, June Mountain and Big Bear Mountain Resort in California; Jackson Hole Mountain Resort in Wyoming; Big Sky Resort in Montana; Stratton, Sugarbush Resort, and Killington in Vermont; Windham Mountain in New York; Snowshoe in West Virginia; Boyne Highlands and Boyne Mountain in Michigan; Crystal Mountain and The Summit at Snoqualmie in Washington; Mt. Bachelor in Oregon; Tremblant in Quebec and Blue Mountain in Ontario, Canada; SkiBig3 in Alberta, Canada; Revelstoke Mountain Resort, RED Mountain, and Cypress Mountain in British Columbia, Canada; Sunday River and Sugarloaf in Maine; Loon Mountain in New Hampshire; Taos Ski Valley, New Mexico; Deer Valley Resort, Solitude Mountain Resort, Brighton Resort, Alta Ski Area, and Snowbird in Utah; Zermatt in Switzerland; Thredbo and Mt Buller in Australia; Coronet Peak, The Remarkables, Mt Hutt in New Zealand; Niseko United in Japan, and Valle Nevado in Chile. Special offers are available at CMH Heli-Skiing & Summer Adventures, the world’s largest heli-skiing and heli-accessed hiking operation. For more information, please visit



Lake Tahoe NV, March 3, 2021 – Eldorado County today announced that they will move the county from the highly restrictive Purple stage for Covid regulations to the Red stage starting tomorrow. El Dorado is the second county in the Sacramento area to depart tight purple-tier restrictions.  In the red tier, indoor dining, along with several other types of businesses including fitness centers, movie theaters and museums are cleared to reopen indoors with capacity limits and mandatory masks.

“Starting tomorrow, indoor dining is allowed at 25% capacity, gyms can open at 10% capacity, retailers can open at 50% capacity, and movie theaters can reopen at 25% capacity, among other things. ~ Carla Hass, Communications Director for El Dorado County

Biggest Changes?

  • Indoor dining allowed at 25% or 100 people, whichever is less
  • Gyms can open indoors at 10%
  • Retailers can open at 50% capacity
  • Movie Theaters can reopen at 25%
  • Museums can reopen at 25%

While this is great news for local business in the region we are reminded that we are far from normal lifestyles in our communities. Lake Tahoe has been a confusing place at times this winter with different regulations on the Nevada Side and with Ski resorts and outdoor adventure still bringing crowds to the region. The county still issued this positive change with this disclaimer of where we are as a region and how the responsibility to stay healthy and out of further regulations lies in ourhands.

“That said, this is not the time to relax the behaviors that have gotten us to this point. Even with the tens of thousands or residents who have already been vaccinated, it’s imperative that we continue to take the actions to further protect our residents and visitors. These actions – wearing a mask, keeping physical distance from those outside your household and not gathering with large groups of people – will ultimately be the very things that will get us to the next level of
“To put a finer point on that issue, we didn’t make this move based on our daily case rate. We were able to make the move to the Red tier based on meeting the County’s overall test positivity rate and that positivity rate in our socioeconomically disadvantaged census tracts each for two consecutive weeks.

The South Lake Tahoe region has routinely promoted #SierraSafely as a way to remind everyone it is our responsibility to regulate how we gather, travel and enjoy the region.

“As we all know, tourism has been one of the hardest-hit sectors of our economy, and while Lake Tahoe has seen visitors as restrictions have lifted, our businesses and activities that rely on tourism are impacted,” said Carol Chaplin, president and CEO for the Lake Tahoe Visitors Authority.

Grant Application Period Open for Volcano Adventure Camp

MINERAL, CA– Lassen Volcanic National Park and its partner Lassen Park Foundation invite youth groups to apply for a grant to stay at Volcano Adventure Camp (VAC) this summer season. Lassen Park Foundation will accept applications for grants to cover the cost of a trip to the youth camping facility in Lassen Volcanic through March 31.

“Lassen Park Foundation youth camping grants have enabled hundreds of children to connect to nature and explore their national park,” said Acting Superintendent Jason Mateljak. “The National Park Service continues to monitor the COVID-19 situation at the national, state, and local level. Lassen staff works closely with the NPS Office of Public Health and will follow the recommendations of the CDC as we gradually increase access to park facilities, including the Volcano Adventure Camp. The safety of our visitors and staff remains our top priority,” Mateljak continued.

A group of girls from MLK Jr. Center-Redding outside a canvas tent camp at Volcano Adventure Camp in Lassen Volcanic National Park

Any organization or school assisting underserved youth is eligible to apply for a grant up to $1,000. Groups with for-profit status may require a non-profit fiscal sponsor. Park admission and campground fees are waived for grant recipients and grant funds are available to pay for camping and hiking equipment, water bottles, food (groups must prepare their own food), and transportation. The camp is outfitted with dormitory-style tent cabins, picnic pavilions, showers, vault toilets, and running water.

A stay at Volcano Adventure Camp may include ranger and/or group-led talks, hikes, and activities, depending on COVID-19 safety protocols. Participants will learn how to camp, explore park trails, and learn about park topics like volcanology, glaciation, astrobiology, fire ecology, and climate.

Volcano Adventure Camp will operate June 11 through September 19, 2021, weather and health restrictions permitting. More information and a link to the application can be found at and at Groups that would like to stay at the Volcano Adventure Camp but do not require a grant may apply through a separate reservation application that will be available at beginning March 31.

Activities at the camp help build stewardship and respect for public lands as well as teamwork and individual responsibility. One group leader shared, “without the distraction of cell phones and their regular activities the kids were forced to step out of their comfort zone and work together. By the end of the trip they were not only a team but were also able to gain friendships that extend into different towns.”

Living and Camping in Wolf Country

A New Reality in the Sierra Nevada.

Living and Camping in Wolf Country

In February of 2021 the second gray wolf on record was tracked passing the Lake Tahoe basin into Wilderness areas between Hwy 4 and 108 in the Central Sierra mountain region before stopping near Mono county. The Gray wolf is not new to California in the past 10 years as the Oregon’s Packs expanded into the Mt Shasta region forming a the Shasta pack and another group who have been videoed with pups two years running in the Lassen/Plumas national forest region to the north.

Successful Reintroduction of Gray Wolf Populations

The gray wolf is still a protected endanger spieces even though the reintroduction of the Gray wolf that started in the 1995 into the Frank Church Wilderness in Idaho has been considered extremely successful.

Following the reintroduction of 15 wolves into the Central Idaho wilderness in 1995, an additional 20 wolves were transplanted into Idaho from Canada. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service wanted to make sure they brought enough adult wolves into Central Idaho so they could pair up, set up territories and produce young on their own, restoring wolves to the Central Idaho ecosystem.

The experiment worked extremely well. The Central Idaho wolf population took off rapidly, just as transplanted wolves did in Yellowstone National Park. The Central Idaho wolf population grew quickly to the official recovery goal for Idaho – 10 breeding pairs or roughly 100+ wolves – in just three years.

In 1999 the first gray wolf from Idaho was found in Eastern Oregon after crossing he Columbia river. Although this wolf was captured and returned to Idaho, it was no long after before the wolf population raced across Oregon into Northeast Oregon near the Wallowa Mountains and the Eagle Cap Wilderness. In 2011, a lone wolf from the Imnaha Pack generated international headlines when he became the first in Western Oregon since 1947, and then the first in California in nearly a century. 

A gray wolf named OR7 dispersed from the Imnaha pack in September 2011. OR7 left his natal pack in 2011. The dispersal of younger individuals from a pack is common. Dispersing wolves generally attempt to join other packs, carve out new territories within occupied habitat, or form their own pack in unoccupied habitat. On December 28 of 2011, he crossed into California northeast of Dorris, a small town in Siskiyou County. While visiting California, OR7 traveled in the southern Cascades, across portions of the Modoc Plateau, in the Lassen and Plumas National Forests, and as far south as Tehama, Shasta, and Butte counties. 

Here to Stay in California

With the reoccurring event of territory exploration it seems obvious that the return of Wolf to the High Sierra Regions is highly likely, meaning opportunities for people to recreate in the same forests, meadows and trails as the Gray Wolf of California.

Living and Recreating with Wolf

Wolves historically occupied diverse habitats throughout North America, including forests, grasslands, deserts and tundra. In California, the current known suitable wolf habitat encompasses millions of acres of public and private forests, rangeland, and agricultural lands in the northern portion of the state.

Wolves are habitat “generalists,” meaning they can adapt to living in many kinds of habitat. They basically need two things to thrive: abundant prey and human tolerance.

Gray wolves are carnivores. Their primary prey sources are large native species, mainly elk and deer. Wolves will also consume other mammals, birds, and reptiles. They will opportunistically scavenge carrion, and may prey on large livestock under certain circumstances.

California Department of Fish and Wildlife, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Human Safety

Wolves rarely pose a direct threat to human safety. Wild wolves generally fear and avoid people. It is important to know how to avoid contact with wild animals before entering their habitat. In the past 40 years, 18 reports of wolf aggression toward humans have been reported. Eleven of those reports involved wolves habituated to humans and six involved domestic dogs. In recent years there was one confirmed human mortality in Alaska by wolves.

Wolves can become habituated to humans in areas where they regularly encounter humans or human food. To avoid habituation, wolves, like all wildlife, should never be fed or approached. People should never approach, feed, or otherwise interact with a wolf.

Because wolves are widespread, thousands of people live, work and enjoy outdoor activities in wolf country. Wolves rarely act aggressively toward people, but there have been instances in Alaska and Canada where wolves have attacked people. The first case of wild healthy wolves killing a human in modern North America occurred in Saskatchewan in 2005; a second person was killed in 2010 in Alaska. Several other incidents of wolf aggression have resulted in serious injuries. Some people in recent years have even had worrisome encounters with wolves while in suburban settings.

Wilderness enjoyment

People enjoying wilderness activities must be aware that all large wild animals, including wolves, present some risk to human safety. When you go into the wilderness, which in many Sierra communities is just outside your back door, go prepared. It’s safer to travel with someone else rather than alone. In our urban environments we often don’t pay much attention to what goes on around us, but a key to safety in the wild is awareness. Develop a habit of scanning your surroundings, don’t become so focused on an activity that you put yourself at risk for a close encounter with a mountain lion, bear, or curious wolf. Naturally you should closely tend children and pets, maintain clean camps and do not store food where it is accessible to wild animals.

Hearing a howling wolf or seeing a traveling wolf pack can be an exhilarating wilderness experience and should be enjoyed, but everyone who leaves the beaten path behind must take on the responsibility to ensure their own safety.

Image by steve felberg from Pixabay 

Safety in Wolf Country

If you encounter a wolf or pack of wolves at close range do not run or turn away. If you are approached, act aggressively and maintain eye contact if the wolf is looking at you. Aggressively use poles, pepper spray, rocks, limbs, noisemakers or other handy items to discourage wolves. Carrying a firearm is not a bad idea, but do so only if you are qualified and comfortable with the use of your firearm, and if you are in an area that allows firearms.

Don’t make your home or camp attractive to wolves, follow clean camping guidelines.

In the rare event that you do have an encounter with an aggressive wolf:

  • Don’t run, but act aggressively stepping toward the wolf and yelling or clapping your hands if it tries to approach.
  • Do not turn your back toward an aggressive wolf, but continue to stare directly at it. If you are with a companion and more than one wolf is present, place yourselves back to back and slowly move away from the wolves.
  • Retreat slowly while facing the wolf and act aggressively.
  • Stand your ground if a wolf attacks you and fight with any means possible (use sticks, rocks, ski poles, fishing rods or whatever you can find).
  • Use air horns or other noisemakers.
  • Use bear spray or firearms if necessary.
  • Climb a tree if necessary; wolves cannot climb trees.

Recreating with Pets in Wolf Country

Wolves are by nature territorial and will defend their territories, especially against dogs and coyotes. They can view domestic dogs as competitors, territorial intruders, or prey. Dog owners must be aware of the potential risk to their dogs if they are in wolf habitat, especially when guarding or herding livestock, hunting, accompanying hikers or running. Take precautions to limit potential conflicts.

  • Place a bell or beeping collar on dogs that roam
  • Talk loudly to the dog and/or use whistles
  • Control the dog so that it stays close to you; this should cause wolves to associate dogs with humans
  • Place the dog on a leash if wolves or sign of wolves are seen
  • Keep pets and their food indoors, especially at night
  • Remember, it is illegal to shoot at or attempt to injure or kill a wolf even if it is attacking your dog


Wolf Packs –

Lassen Pack
The Lassen Pack is California’s second contemporary pack, and the only currently known wolf pack in the state. The wolves generally utilize a broad area of western Lassen and northernmost Plumas counties, and the pack’s home range is approximately 500+ mi2.

The pack has produced litters in 2017 (four pups), 2018 (five pups), 2019 (four pups), and 2020 (at least nine pups). The pup had two litters in 2020 – the original breeding female (LAS01F) had at least five pups, and a two-year old female (LAS09F) had at least four pups.
Genetic analysis indicated the original male was a 2014 offspring of southwestern Oregon’s Rogue Pack. While he sired the 2017-2019 litters, he has not been detected with the pack since spring 2019. A black-colored adult male began traveling with the pack as early as June 2019, and genetic analysis of pup scats showed the black wolf sired both 2020 litters.
He is not related to other known California wolves, and his origin is currently unknown. The pack’s original breeding female (LAS01F) is not related to known Oregon wolves and genetic analysis indicates she likely dispersed from some other part of the northern Rocky Mountain wolf population.
In late summer 2020, a satellite-collared yearling male wolf (LAS13M) dispersed from the pack. After traveling through northern Lassen and Modoc counties, LAS13M entered Oregon in early October and remained there through early January 2021. At the end of 2020, the pack was thought to consist of at least five wolves.
In September 2018, a yearling female from the pack was found dead, and the matter remains under investigation. Gray wolves are protected under California Endangered Species Act (CESA). CDFW reminds the public that killing a wolf is a potential crime and subject to serious penalties including imprisonment. CDFW takes very seriously any threats to this recovering wolf population and fully investigates any possible criminal activity.
Shasta Pack
The Shasta Pack was California’s first known contemporary pack and occupied a portion of eastern Siskiyou County. DNA indicated that both breeding wolves were from Oregon’s Imnaha pack (the pack that produced OR-7). The pair was first detected in early 2015 and five pups were identified that summer. The pack was regularly detected from August through November 2015 and consisted of a minimum of six wolves in late November 2015. The pack was observed feeding on a cattle calf carcass in mid-November 2015, and subsequent investigation determined the wolves had likely killed the calf.
The pack was not detected after November 2015, except for one yearling identified within the pack’s range in May 2016. The same animal, verified by DNA, was detected in northwestern Nevada in November 2016

Is the Sierra Pack next?

We do not know if the sierra will host a pack in the near future, it really come down to a reliable food source and human tolerance. They may face challenges from a region where game is not as easily found (No Elk in the Central Sierra), winter weather could drive them to the fringe of the mountains and with a surrounding cattle industry which enjoys the benefits of open range, we wonder how local management will react to the settling of a wolf pack in the region.

Livestock Interactions
Depredation investigations CDFW and USDA Wildlife Services (WS) staff investigated five suspected wolf depredations during the quarter. The results are as follows:
Date Determination Type Wolf/Pack Area County Investigators
8/17 Confirmed 1 cow, dead Lassen Lassen WS, CDFW
8/23 Confirmed 1 calf, dead Lassen Lassen WS, CDFW
8/28 Confirmed 1 calf, dead Lassen Plumas WS, CDFW
9/5 Confirmed 1 calf, dead Lassen Plumas WS, CDFW
9/15 Confirmed 1 calf, dead Lassen Lassen WS
The individual determination reports are available at

CDFW continues to receive and investigate reports of wolf presence from many parts of California. Public reports are an important tool for us. Please report wolves or wolf sign on the CDFW Gray Wolf web page:

Any wolf that enters the state is protected under the federal Endangered Species Act. The federal act generally prohibits the harassment, harm, pursuit, hunting, shooting, wounding, killing, trapping, capture or collection of wolves in California, or the attempt to engage in any such conduct. Penalties include fines of at least $100,000 and imprisonment.

Image by Christel SAGNIEZ from Pixabay

Sustainability of a Sierra Pack?

Other Predators

Wolves are known to kill and consume coyotes and several studies show that coyote populations decrease when wolves become reestablished in the same habitat. Wolves sometimes kill bears, particularly while bears are denned up in the winter, but it is unusual for wolves to eat bears. Wolf packs will occasionally kill mountain lions particularly when wolves take over the carcass of a mountain lion kill. Mountain lions and black bears are the only native predators in California capable of killing an adult wolf. In summary, wolves, bears and mountain lions are capable of, and do, kill each other. Although one species may consume another, they do not rely on these other large carnivores as prey.

Prey Species

One factor shown to limit wolf populations in other states is prey availability. Elk populations in states with wolves (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming) have mostly remained stable. In a few areas, impacts of wolf predation on specific elk populations have been substantial. Elk behavior has been documented to change when wolves are present. In Idaho, Montana and Wyoming there is little if any information to indicate deer populations have been significantly affected. Where deer and elk populations are low, and human activity and population density are high, wolf populations generally remain low.

Dispersing Gray Wolf Travels from Oregon to the Central Sierra Nevada

Are Gray Wolf here to Stay Between Lake Tahoe and Yosemite?

Press Release – California Department of Wildlife – Minden NV, February 25, 2021 – Another GPS-collared gray wolf has dispersed from Oregon into California. The wolf, known as OR-93, has traveled farther south in California than the collared wolves that have preceded him. This is the second Wolf that has traveled near Lake Tahoe Basin with this one passing by on his way into Mono county.

Photo of OR-93 by Austin Smith, Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs

OR-93 is a young male that dispersed from Oregon’s White River pack, southeast of Mt. Hood. He was fitted with a tracking collar by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs within the White River pack’s territory in June 2020. Like many young wolves, he subsequently left his pack in search of a new territory and/or a mate.

After arriving in Modoc County in early February 2021, he quickly passed through portions of numerous California counties before arriving this week in Alpine County, between the trans-Sierra State Highways 4 and 108. He then moved just into Mono County, putting him hundreds of miles from the Oregon state line and his natal territory. The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) will continue to monitor his whereabouts with the cooperation of the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

OR-93 is the 16th gray wolf documented to have dispersed into California, and most of those animals have traveled from Oregon. One of those dispersing wolves, OR-54, traveled as far south as the Lake Tahoe Basin before returning north. The others have primarily traveled, and sometimes settled, in the California’s northernmost counties.

The first wolf known in California since the 1920s, OR-7, first visited in late 2011. Since then, the state has seen the formation of two packs. The Shasta Pack in Siskiyou County had five pups in 2015 before disappearing late that year. The Lassen Pack, which occupies parts of Lassen and Plumas counties, has produced pups each year from 2017 to 2020. Additionally, a new pair of wolves has recently been documented in Siskiyou County and CDFW biologists believe it is likely they will produce pups this spring.

CDFW is working to monitor and conserve California’s small wolf population and is collaborating with livestock producers and diverse stakeholders to minimize wolf-livestock conflicts. Gray wolves are currently listed as endangered pursuant to California’s Endangered Species Act (CESA). Their management in California is guided by CESA as well as CDFW’s Conservation Plan for Gray Wolves in California, finalized in 2016. More information is available on CDFW’s wolf webpage at:

CDFW encourages those who see wolves to detail their sightings on its online reporting site:

Bass Lake Fishing Derby is Back… Registration Open

The Bass Lake Fishing Derby is a long running tradition at the lake, Returns after Covid Hiatus in 2020

Bass Lake Ca, Feb 2+4, 2021 – The 2021 BASS LAKE FISHING DERBY will return and be held MAY 1ST & 2ND 2021. The Bass Lake Fishing Derby is a long running tradition at the lake and in 202 the Covid Pandemic forced its cancelation.

Bass Lake is in Madera County, California. It is located 4.5 miles southeast of Yosemite Forks, at an elevation of 3415 feet. Bass Lake is situated in the Sierra National Forest approximately 14 mi from the south entrance of Yosemite National Park.

For 2021, we have added 8 fish worth $500 each just to sweeten the pot!

If you had signed up for the 2020 Derby, your registration was transferred to 2021.

2021 Bass Lake Fishing Derby

MAY 1 & 2, 2021

3 Grand Prize Fish Worth a total of $25,000!
2- $10,000
1- $5,000
8 – $500 (new this year thanks to local sponsors)
150 – $100
847 – $20

Bass Lake Fishing Derby Frequently Asked Questions:

How do I register for the Derby and how much does it cost to register?
You can register on our website:

2021 Entry fees:
Individual $25.00
Child 16 & under $15.00
Additional Child $10.00
*Children must be immediate family.

Do I have to be signed up by a certain date and does the Derby sell out?
You must be registered by 9:00 am on Saturday, May 1st. Registration closes promptly at 9:00 am.

Do I have to sign up online?
Yes, you must register online for 2021. Please email or call us if you need assistance. We are happy to help.

Will safety measures be in place during the Derby to help prevent the spread of COVID 19?
Yes, we are very excited to be able to host the Derby this year and have implemented safety measures to limit exposure and keep everyone safe. These include:
-Touchless online registration
-Encouraging social distancing on shore as well as in and around indoor spaces
-No in-person check-in or wristbands
-Requiring masks when entering indoor spaces
-Limiting capacity of indoor spaces
-Touch free prize collection upon request

Visit Visalia Unveils New Orchard and Blossom Trail Map

Visitors are invited to take this self-guided agricultural tour

Visalia, Calif (Feb 24, 2021)– Visit Visalia is excited to announce the release of its 2021 Blossom Trail Map, just in time for the annual springtime event. The seasonal display of brilliant color traditionally begins in Mid-February and continues through March, making it prime blossom viewing time in Tulare County. The map is free and can be downloaded on the Visit Visalia website.

In California’s Central Valley, agricultural fields dominate the landscape and Tulare County is the most diversified ag producing area in the world. For Visalia, in Tulare County, those fields that surround the city become awash with color in springtime as the trees begin to sprout their buds. More than 120 crops grow in and around Visalia.

The self-guided driving tour takes visitors through the county just north of the city where almond, peach, plums and apricot orchards burst forth with their blossoms each spring. Along with the colorful orchards, visitors will see other crops like kiwi, citrus, almonds, walnuts, cherries and more. With a variety of orchards and groves, visitors can see many types of agriculture. 

For those headed to the national parks, we encourage a quick side trip to experience the spring season of bloom. With the Sierra Nevada mountains as a backdrop, capped with snow from recent storms, the Visalia Blossom Trail is an easy route to take towards the park entrances.

Visit Visalia continues to urge Americans to adhere to healthy travel practices—and a socially distant drive is a great way to stay healthy. The Visalia Cares Stay Safe program has a wealth of resources and guidance to encourage safe and healthy travel, which includes wearing a mask, frequent hand washing, maintaining physical distance when possible and staying home if feeling sick.

Joshua Tree National Park Anticipates Extremely Busy Spring Season

March and April are traditionally the busiest times of the year at Joshua Tree National Park. The park expects high visitation during spring 2021 based off recent visitation trends. A typical spring day includes limited parking, full campgrounds, and a line to get into the park. The three best ways to prepare for a visit to Joshua Tree National Park are:

  • Plan mid-week trips – Joshua Tree is most popular on weekends and holidays, which can mean significant traffic congestion. To avoid crowds, consider planning a trip Monday through Thursday.
  • Buy a digital pass – Buy your pass ahead of time by logging onto pass will make entry to the park quicker and easier.
  • Arrive before 10 am – Avoid entering the park between 10 am and 2 pm and avoid exiting the park around sunset.

Other tips to prepare for your park visit:

  • Recreate Responsibly no matter what time of year you visit. For the spring, remember to respect the park’s wildflowers by taking only photos. Please walk on trails and never crush vegetation to protect these blooms for years to come.
  • The park may become drive-through only as the parking lots reach maximum capacity during times of extreme visitation. Visitors may be turned away from popular parking areas.  
  • Be flexible with plans. The best hike may be the one where parking is readily available.
  • Visitors can park along many, but not all, roadsides. Never drive over a curb to make a new parking space.
  • Make a reservation at to reserve one of the 350 reservable campsites in the park. If there are no reservation sites available, there likely will not be first-come, first-served sites available when you arrive. Look to one of the private campgrounds adjacent to the park.
  • Many campgrounds intersect with hiking trails. Campers can hike trails that connect to their campground to avoid busy parking lots.
  • Find a new favorite spot to explore in the park. There is no one best campsite, trail, or sunset spot.

Thank you all for your continued stewardship and love of Joshua Tree National Park. 

The data– Visitation was up 11% from June 2020 to October 2020, the park’s off season, and up 20% in November 2020. The park did not consider data from spring or winter 2020 to exclude months when the park was closed or under a stay at home order. Americans avoiding long distant travel due to the COVID-19 pandemic, may explain why the park is experiencing higher than expected visitation. Visitation data was compared to 2018.

Accessibility in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Short Film Series Released Online

Photo by Brian Peterson The film series features local visitors speaking about how their experiences in the parks are enhanced by accessibility considerations.

SEQUOIA AND KINGS CANYON NATIONAL PARKS, Calif. February 20, 2021 – Across the nation, National Park Service sites are working to improve access for people with disabilities. In recent years, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks have modified many trails, features, and facilities to make them more accessible and comfortable for all visitors.

To promote and share information about these improvements with the many people who might benefit from them, the parks are releasing a series of short films showcasing several of the parks’ accessible activities, in partnership with the Independent Living Center of Kern County. The series features people hiking accessible trails such as the Panoramic Point Trail, riding the Sequoia Shuttle, enjoying a Crystal Cave tour, and camping in one of the parks’ many wheelchair-friendly campsites.  

Throughout the six films in the series, each of which is about four minutes long, local visitors from California’s Central Valley share their experiences of participating in activities that have accommodations for people with mobility issues, low-vision or blindness, and/or hearing loss. Each short video includes insider tips for planning a trip to the parks and participating in these activities. 

The parks will be releasing the six films through a series of Facebook Premiere events, the first of which will take place on Monday, February 22, at 4 p.m. Rangers will be participating in the event and available to answer questions in the comments section. To join, visit

All six films are also available for viewing, including audio-described versions, at

This film series was created by Peterson Film and Photo, with the help of Sequoia Parks Conservancy, and generous financial support from the Jeangerard Family Foundation, which has contributed over one million dollars to the parks’ efforts to improve accessibility.

To learn more about accessible features in these parks, or to get a copy of the parks’ accessibility guide, visit

National Park Service announces interim guidance for filming in parks

WASHINGTON – The National Park Service (NPS) today announced interim guidance, in response to Price v. Barr, regarding the management of filming in park areas. Under the guidance, low-impact filming will be exempt from advance notice and permit requirements, while other filming activities may need a permit to address potential impacts to resources and the visitor experience. Until further guidance is issued, the NPS will not require location fees, application fees or additional cost-recovery charges.

Under the interim guidance, the NPS will no longer distinguish among different types of filming (commercial, non-commercial, news gathering). Low-impact filming activities in areas open to the public may occur without any advance notice to the NPS or the need to obtain a permit. The guidance defines “low-impact” as outdoor filming activities in areas open to the public (excluding areas managed as wilderness), consisting of groups of five persons or fewer, and involving equipment that will be carried at all times—except for small tripods used to hold cameras. 

Filming without a permit is prohibited in areas managed as wilderness or in areas that are closed to the public. All activities in park areas—including filming—must comply with all visitor use regulations, including those prohibiting resource damage, protecting wildlife or mitigating audio disturbances, as well as any restrictions on visitor use in the park’s compendium, such as restrictions on the use of unmanned aircraft systems (drones).

Non-low-impact filming activities require at least 10 days advance notice to the NPS by contacting the park directly. During this time, the superintendent will determine whether the filming activities will require a permit. Based upon the information provided, a permit may be required if necessary to:

  • maintain public health and safety;
  • protect environmental or scenic values;
  • protect natural or cultural resources;
  • allow for equitable allocation and use of facilities; or
  • avoid conflict among visitor use activities.

Filming activities must not violate applicable laws, such as the Endangered Species Act, the Archeological Resources Protection Act, or the Wilderness Act. All filming must comply with laws protecting the NPS’s intellectual property, such as laws and regulations governing the use of the NPS Arrowhead and images of NPS employees. 

This interim guidance responds to the recent U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia decision in Price v. Barr determining the permit and fee requirements applying to commercial filming under 54 USC 100905, 43 CFR Part 5, and 36 CFR Part 5.5 are unconstitutional. Previously, commercial filming in parks was prohibited without a permit. The NPS was also required to collect cost recovery and location fees for commercial filming activities. As needed, parks also issued permits for news gathering activities under 54 USC 100905 and non-commercial filming under 54 USC 100101 and 54 USC 100751(a). The interim guidance announced today will eventually be replaced with regulations addressing filming activities that are consistent with the outcome of the litigation.

Nevada Division of Outdoor Recreation Invite Public Feedback

Do you live in Nevada and care about outdoor opportunities, then check out this survey.

The Nevada Division of Outdoor Recreation (NDOR) and the Nevada Division of State Parks (NDSP) announce the release of a public survey on outdoor recreation in Nevada. The survey is part of the federally required Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP), which is updated every five years. This plan establishes criteria for funding outdoor recreation projects in Nevada, through the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) program, and guides outdoor recreation development over the next five years.  Public input is critical for creating a comprehensive plan that addresses the outdoor recreation needs of all Nevadans.

Outdoor enthusiasts of all types are encouraged to participate in a brief 10-15 minute survey that will gauge the public’s usage, demand and preferences for various types of outdoor recreation activities. The scope of the public survey includes ALL outdoor recreation opportunities throughout Nevada. The information collected will be used to help the state and local communities establish priorities related to the acquisition and development of outdoor recreation areas and facilities in Nevada.

The public outdoor recreation survey is available online until March 31, 2021 at  For questions or comments regarding the SCORP or the survey, please email

You can also directly access the survey through the following links:



A Beautiful Snowy trek at Grover’s Hot Springs State Park 2021

Winter Adventure outside of Markleville Ca, is a locals favorite for waterfalls and big trees.

Markleville ca – February 2021 – A fresh coats of powder surprised the Central Sierra near Lake Tahoe this weekend as residents of the Carson Valley, Alpine County and South Lake Tahoe region awoke to snow of the valley floor.

My buddy Tom and I had made plans the night before to head out for a little snowshoes adventure Saturday and were pleasantly surprised to have the gift of powder for our day. I had chosen the Markleville region for our days adventure, as it is one of my favorite spring local hikes and i had never done the hike in the snow.

The Grover’s Hot Spring State Park is a beautiful area with larger meadows and lively stream, mountain side walls that tower above and great old growth ponderosa pine and manazanita bush everywhere you turn.

Although there are trails in the park and Camping area with parking in the park, I typically choose to park outside of the park and walk in on the old Easy Charity Valley Trail head. Not only does it save me parking fees , but the extra 1.2 miles is beautiful section of large ponderosa, and little valley inlets that in the spring often have water cascading between the granite boulders.

This trail and area is considered easy in most hiking standards, unless of course you choose to head up to Burnside lake and Charity Valley which can quickly change the hike from Easy to Moderate to Strenuous by the end of 6.5 miles of hiking. Today we were only hiking to the Waterfall and back which is a very easy hike with limited elevation gains (although with all the little up and downs over the course of 4.2 out and back you do experience roughly 1500 ft. of elevation changes.

This is a great kid friendly and family hike that dogs are allowed on but inside the park, no bikes or horses are allowed. In the snow we really could not see the trail, but because we had been several times before quickly found our selves on the exact trail path that leads us behind the parks camping area and along the hill on the backside of the park to the waterfall.

This time of year the Rocks at the fall are slippery and the water coming down the fall is nothing special but in a few months the water fall is a great place to visit and the forest floor seems to oooze water from every direction above the falls.

On this day even with the light snow fall the winter night temp had frozen the snow to a point where snowshoes really were not needed and we walked the entire route on top of the snow field.

After getting back to the car on our three hour journey it was time to make a pit stop at the new Cutthroat Brew Pub in Markleville for a Sidewinder Burger and a beer. Just what the doctor ordered after a great day hiking in the Sierra.